Basketball is a team game where two competing teams, usually of five players each, against each other on a flat rectangular field, compete for the sole objective of scoring the most points during a given time frame. This game was first developed in the United States of America during the early years of the twentieth century and it has since become a popular worldwide phenomenon. As basketball players learn and practice the skills that are needed in the sport, the competition in the game increases. Today, basketball is one of the most popular spectator sports in the world.
BASKETball is played with a ball similar to a soccer ball but with a special shape that make it easier for the players to dribble the ball around without the necessity of kicking the ball. It is widely believed that BASKETball was actually invented by a student at Harvard University who was frustrated with the difficulty of shooting the basketball after he dribbled the ball. He then began to play with his friends in the Harvard University Recreational Sports Center and the ball became known as the BASKETball. Since that time, BASKETball has gone through numerous improvements, especially with its ball shapes.
The basic fundamental of basketball is that the ball is usually played on a regulation basketball court that features two parallel vertical rows of basketball hoops, one on each side of the court. Each team has five players on the court. On offense, the team members take turns performing offensive actions which include shooting the ball or trying to dunk the ball. The other team responds with an assortment of defense plays which are designed to stop the offensive team from getting scorers. The game ends when one team scores three points or more in a period of sixty seconds.
There are two main types of BASKETball games, split-level and basket playing surface. In a split-level game, the playing surface is located at both ends of the foul line. In a basket playing surface, the playing surface is located below the basket. Most basketball courts are located on an inside perimeter of a residential neighborhood. Many schools and community recreational centers have basketball courts.
BASKETball is played with a head-worn ball and a BASKETball uniform which consist of pants, a shirt, a vertical or basketball hoop, shoes and a cap. Most players wear shorts, socks and a towel for hygiene purposes. A foul is called a ‘foul’. Any player may call a foul on another player, even though the two players may be standing quite a distance apart. Generally, fouls are called when the ball has traveled at least six feet, and a player has been fouled while making an attempt to pass the ball.
Basketball rules typically vary from school to school, but all BASKETball courts have six points that divide the playing space up into two teams – the offense and the defense. Each team has three players on the bench in addition to the five players on the court. The fouls are called fouls because when a player is injured, the other team can call a penalty and the injured player has to leave the game will continue the following day without the injured player. This is commonly referred to as a ‘bench foul’. There are also games that feature two teams that play each other in an overtime format where there is only one team playing.